By comparing the glow-curves we can calculate the dose of radiation absorbed by the piece during its lifetime.Radioactive measurements on the clay tells us how much radiation the piece is receiving each year.Five samples of pottery sherds exhibited peak TL at about 275°C and 395°C gave the TL age ranged from 2.13 ± 0.14 ka to 2.25 ± 0.14 ka and a mean TL age of 2.20 ± 0.15 ka, with a good plateau in the range of 290–400°C.

The results were in good agreement with the ages estimated by archaeologists except for one sample which belongs to Der Al-Hjar site.

Two standard methods, the “fine-grain technique” and the “quartz inclusion technique”, and a new method, the pre-dose saturation exponential technique in thermoluminescence (TL) dating of ancient pottery and porcelain were reviewed, especially for the measurement of the paleodose and the annual dose.

The results of both techniques are in close agreement and highlight the potential advantages of the new procedure, especially when sample availability is restricted, e.g.

dating of small pottery fragments, or in cases of authenticity testing.

When we receive your sample we must first prepare it for measurement.

Powder samples (from pottery and bronze cores) are mixed with acetone and allowed to settle, so that fine grains, approximately 1/100mm. These grains are deposited and dried onto aluminium discs (for fine-grain analysis) or rhodium (for pre-dose analysis).Each time the sample is irradiated and then heated, the pre-dose peak increases. The first increase is due to the natural dose which the piece has absorbed over its life-time.The sample is then given a laboratory irradiation and a second increase is measured.For the modern vase the archaeological signal is barely above background and well below the TL signal from the applied laboratory dose.Six ceramics and two baked soil samples collected from the famous Xian Terracotta Army Site have been dated by using fine grain (2–8 μ) TL technique.The older the pottery, the more radiation it has absorbed and the brighter the pottery sample glows.