For his work, Mc Crone was awarded the American Chemical Society's Award in Analytical Chemistry in 2000.

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However, the floral images they see are hidden in mottled stains much the way the image of Jesus is hidden in a tortilla or the image of Mary is hidden in the bark of a tree.

The first to see flowers in the stains was a psychiatrist, who was probably an expert at seeing personality traits in inkblots (Nickell, 1994)Danin notes that another relic believed to be the burial face cloth of Jesus (the Sudarium of Oviedo in Spain) contains the same two types of pollen grains as the Shroud and also is stained with type AB blood.

But, since there is no blood on the shroud of Turin and there is no good reason to accept Danin's assumption that the pollen grains were on the Shroud from its origin, this argument is spurious.

In any case, the fact that pollen grains found near the Dead Sea or Jerusalem were on the shroud means little.

Frei, who once pronounced the forged "Hitler Diaries" to be genuine, probably introduced the pollen grains himself or was duped and innocently picked up pollen grains another pious fraud had introduced (Nickell).

Danin and his colleague Uri Baruch also claim that they found impressions of flowers on the shroud and that those flowers could only come from Israel.Even if the pollen grains weren't introduced by some pious fraud, they could have been carried to the shroud by anyone who handled it.In short, the pollen grains could have originated in Jerusalem at any time before or after the appearance of the shroud in Italy. Moreover, that there are two cloths believed to have been wrapped around the dead body of Jesus does not strengthen the claim that the shroud is authentic, but weakens it.Some believers think the crown of thorns was made of this type of tumbleweed. His sample of pollen grains originated with Max Frei, who tape-lifted pollen grain samples from the shroud.Frei's pollen grains have been controversial from the beginning.For example, it is claimed to be the negative image of a crucifixion victim.